The group held its first meeting in Atlanta, January 30 through February 1, 2008.  At the start of a July 25, 1979 news conference, Carter called on believers in the future of the U.S. and his proposed energy program to speak with Congress as it bore the responsibility to impose his proposals. But except for the times when a mother's life is in danger or when a pregnancy is caused by rape or incest I would certainly not or never have approved of any abortions. He used a two-prong strategy: in the South, which most had tacitly conceded to Alabama's George Wallace, Carter ran as a moderate favorite son. Troops To Leave South Korea This Year", "Most Important Presidential Visits: No. He replied, "I've never really thought we needed a lieutenant governor in Georgia. Huffpost Politics.  Following a general uprising in April 1979, Taraki was deposed by Khalq rival Hafizullah Amin in September.  In 1984, Carter stated he had been wrongly presented as weak by Reagan due to a commitment to human rights during the previous presidential election, and condemned Reagan for not making rescue efforts to retrieve four American businessmen from West Beirut. None recognized him and it took several rounds of question-and-answer before movie critic Gene Shalit correctly guessed he was a governor.  Carter had asked to be designated as her parole officer, thus helping to enable her to work in the White House. The subsequent campaign grew even more bitter; despite his early support for civil rights, Carter's campaign criticized Sanders for supporting Martin Luther King Jr. Carter won the runoff election with 60 percent of the vote—winning 7 percent of the black vote—and went on to win the general election easily over the Republican Hal Suit, a local news anchor.  These concerns were a major factor in the unrequited efforts of both the Carter and Reagan administrations to improve relations with Iran, and resulted in massive aid to Pakistan's Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.  Carter also voiced concerns of another voting mishap in the state of Florida. What led Carter to take this action was a doctrinal statement by the Convention, adopted in June 2000, advocating a literal interpretation of the Bible.  On December 9, Carter was presented plans for reform on housing, transportation, and urban development during a meeting with transition advisors at the Blair House. , Under Georgia's constitution, Carter was ineligible to run for re-election. Despite being a dark-horse candidate who was little known outside of Georgia at the start of the campaign, Carter won the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination. The main purpose of the act was to remove government control over fares, routes and market entry (of new airlines) from commercial aviation. [note 1] On August 3, Carter met with Wallace in Birmingham, Alabama to discuss preventing the Democratic Party from losing in a landslide during the November elections. , Carter has received numerous awards and accolades since his presidency, and several institutions and locations have been named in his honor. , The family moved several times during Carter Jr.'s infancy. , During the presidency of George W. Bush, Carter stated his opposition to the Iraq War, and what he considered an attempt on the part of Bush and Tony Blair to oust Saddam Hussein through the usage of "lies and misinterpretations". After taking up graduate studies in reactor technology and nuclear physics, Carter was appointed as a senior officer in charge of the pre-commissioning works of the Seawolf U.S. nuclear submarine. Carter acknowledged that several more "Love Canals" existed across the country, and that discovering such hazardous dumpsites was "one of the grimmest discoveries of our modern era". The transition from Navy to agribusinessman was difficult because his first-year harvest failed due to drought; Carter was compelled to open several bank lines of credit to keep the farm afloat.  Following the election, in which President Reagan defeated Mondale, Carter stated the loss was predictable due to the latter's platform that included raising taxes.  Carter would later cite Kennedy's disagreements as having thwarted Carter's efforts to provide a comprehensive health-care system for the country. , The race for Georgia's 3rd congressional district in 1966 was shaken up in mid-May when the incumbent, Bo Callaway, dropped out and decided to run for Governor of Georgia instead. In the general election, Carter ran as an outsider and narrowly defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford. There, Carter underwent a rigorous, six-month training program, graduating on December 17, 1948. He became chairman of the West Central Georgia Planning and Development Commission, which oversaw the disbursement of federal and state grants for projects such as historic site restoration.  That year he also received the United Nations Human Rights Prize, given in honor of human rights achievements, and the Hoover Medal, recognizing engineers who have contributed to global causes. The following day, Carter delivered remarks in the Oval Office describing himself as shocked and embarrassed for the American government due to the vote and concluding "the majority of the House Members are unwilling to take the responsibility, the political responsibility for dealing with a potential, serious threat to our Nation."  Throughout the campaign, Carter sought both the black vote and the "Wallace vote," after the prominent segregationist George Wallace of Alabama. , Carter had long dreamed of attending the U.S. The Superfund law was created in response to the situation. I made it easy to adopt children for instance who were unwanted and also initiated the program called Women and Infant Children or WIC program that's still in existence now. By 1961 he was a prominent member of the community and the Baptist Church as well as chairman of the Sumter County school board, where he began to speak more loudly in favor of school integration. Contacting President and Mrs. Carter Please note: President and Mrs. Carter … California voters will have the opportunity to do this on election day. In almost every way. , Carter's presidency was initially viewed by some as a failure. The longest-living former U.S. president just turned 95", "Jimmy Carter feted with drive-by Plains parade to celebrate 96 years", "President Carter Talks of Funeral Plans", "Jimmy Carter:39th president – 1977–1981", "What History Foretells for Obama's First Job Approval Rating", "Bush Presidency Closes With 34% Approval, 61% Disapproval", "Disaffection of the public – Jimmy Carter – election", "Washington Talk; Carter Begins to Shed Negative Public Image", "The Unfinished Presidency – Jimmy Carter's Journey Beyond the White House", "Time kind to former presidents, CNN poll finds", "Monte-Carlo TV fest opens with doc for first time", "Navy to name submarine after former president Jimmy Carter", Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, "The Nobel Peace Prize for 2002 to Jimmy Carter", "Former President Jimmy Carter wins Grammy Award", "Defiant Dixie Chicks Are Big Winners at the Grammys", "Jimmy Carter Wins 2019 Grammy Award For Spoken Word Album", "Jimmy Carter Regional Airport Becomes a Reality", "Jimmy Carter: Life Before the Presidency", "Jimmy Carter: Life After the Presidency", Jimmy Carter Presidential Library & Museum, Support for Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War, The Hornet's Nest: A Novel of the Revolutionary War, A Call to Action: Women, Religion, Violence, and Power, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, Oldest living President of the United States, United States Senate Democratic Conference Secretary, Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee, Unsuccessful major party candidates for President of the United States, The Governor (of the state in which the event is held), The Governors of the States (by order of statehood), 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, North Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972, Struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Sovereignty of Puerto Rico during the Cold War, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, List of Eastern Bloc agents in the United States, American espionage in the Soviet Union and Russian Federation, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, Sicomac Elementary School Student Council, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography, Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart Presents Earth (The Audiobook), America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jimmy_Carter&oldid=1000863598, 20th-century Presidents of the United States, 21st-century American non-fiction writers, United States Navy personnel of World War II, Candidates in the 1976 United States presidential election, Candidates in the 1980 United States presidential election, Democratic Party Presidents of the United States, Democratic Party state governors of the United States, LGBT rights activists from the United States, Military personnel from Georgia (U.S. state), School board members in Georgia (U.S. state), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with disputed statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Reichard, Gary W. "Early Returns: Assessing Jimmy Carter", This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 02:56.  In a June 23, 1977 address to a fundraising dinner for the Democratic National Committee, Carter said, "I think it's good to point out tonight, too, that we have evolved a good working relationship with the Congress. , On April 18, 1977, Carter delivered a televised speech declaring that the U.S. energy crisis during the 1970s was the moral equivalent of war.   After Mondale secured the nomination, Carter critiqued the Reagan campaign, spoke at the 1984 Democratic National Convention, and advised Mondale. Each has a ventilation hole above the strap. While he met with black figures such as Martin Luther King Sr. and Andrew Young, and visited many black-owned businesses, he also praised Wallace and promised to invite him to give a speech in Georgia. They are the longest-wed presidential couple having overtaken George and Barbara Bush.  As the Watergate scandal of President Nixon was still fresh in the voters' minds, Carter's position as an outsider, distant from Washington, D.C., became an asset. , Earl Carter died a relatively wealthy man, having recently been elected to the Georgia House of Representatives. , The civil rights movement was well underway when Carter took office. Carter agreed and stated: "And do you know why? The film opened the 2009 Monte-Carlo Television Festival in an invitation-only royal screening on June 7, 2009, at the Grimaldi Forum in the presence of Albert II, Prince of Monaco. , On May 13, 2019, Carter broke his hip at his Plains home and underwent surgery the same day at the Phoebe Sumter Medical Center in Americus, Georgia.  From June 30 to July 1, 1979, Carter held meetings with President of South Korea Park Chung-hee at the Blue House for a discussion on relations between the U.S. and Korea as well as Carter's interest in preserving his policy of worldwide tension reduction.  Two years later, on March 22, 2019, he gained the distinction of being the nation's longest-lived president, when he surpassed the lifespan of George H. W. Bush, who was 94 years, 171 days of age when he died in November 2018; both men were born in 1924. He had to run against his own "stagflation"-ridden economy, while the hostage crisis in Iran dominated the news every week. , Carter criticized the Bush administration's handling of Hurricane Katrina, built homes in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, and partnered with former presidents to work with One America Appeal to help the victims of Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma in the Gulf Coast and Texas communities, in addition to writing op-eds about the goodness seen in Americans who assist each other during natural disasters. Carter’s next assignment was as engineering officer for the precommissioning detail for USS K-1 (SSK 1), the first postwar submarine built.  Initially dismissed as a regional candidate, Carter proved to be the Democrat with the most effective national strategy, and he clinched the nomination.  He served in the inactive Navy Reserve until 1961, and left the service with the rank of lieutenant. His attempt to wrest the race from Callaway had resulted in the unlikely election of the segregationist Maddox, which he considered an even worse outcome. His final year was marred by the Iran hostage crisis, which contributed to his losing the 1980 election to Ronald Reagan. ", Carter's stated positions during his campaign include public financing of congressional campaigns, his support for the creation of a federal consumer protection agency, creating a separate department for education, signing a peace treaty with the Soviet Union against the usage of nuclear weapon, reducing the defense budget, a tax proposal implementing "a substantial increase toward those who have the higher incomes" alongside a levy reduction on taxpayers with lower and middle incomes, making multiple amendments to the Social Security Act, and having a balanced budget by the end of his tenure. The broadly inclusive movement seeks to unite Baptists of all races, cultures and convention affiliations.  In 2019, Carter received a phone call from Trump in which Trump expressed concern that China was "getting ahead" of the United States. He accused Sanders of corruption, but when pressed by the media, could come up with no evidence. ... No poor, rural, weak, or black person should ever have to bear the additional burden of being deprived of the opportunity for an education, a job or simple justice. He was a good student but was seen as reserved and quiet, in contrast to the academy's culture of aggressive hazing of freshmen. ", Carter was sworn in as the 76th Governor of Georgia on January 12, 1971.  Moreover, the failure to accurately predict Soviet intentions caused American officials to reappraise the Soviet threat to both Iran and Pakistan, although it is now known that those fears were overblown.  The painstaking process required each team member to don protective gear and be lowered individually into the reactor for a few minutes at a time, limiting their exposure to radioactivity while they disassembled the crippled reactor. , Carter ignited debate in September 2009 when he stated, "I think an overwhelming portion of the intensely demonstrated animosity toward President Barack Obama is based on the fact that he is a black man, that he is African-American. Their eldest son Jack Carter was the 2006 Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate in Nevada before losing to the Republican incumbent, John Ensign.  They remained in contact by telephone two months before Presley's sudden death in August 1977. China has not wasted a single penny on war and that's why they're ahead of us. Hobbs, Herschel H. and Mullins, Edgar Young. He lost the election, and he was put into office because the Russians interfered on his behalf." State Democrats panicked over the prospect of losing the governorship they had held since Reconstruction. , During his presidential campaign in April 1976, Carter responded to an interviewer and said, "I have nothing against a community that is ... trying to maintain the ethnic purity of their neighborhoods.  On April 20, Carter issued the call for a special session for consideration of advisement for the usage of a three person judge federal panel for performance on four judicial reform measures. " Obama disagreed with Carter's assessment.  A month into the affair, Carter stated his commitment to resolving the dispute without "any military action that would cause bloodshed or arouse the unstable captors of our hostages to attack them or to punish them". Product description MilitaryBest is proud to offer this USS Jimmy Carter SSN-23 Officer Ball Cap Hat. He used verbal insults and had an unwillingness to return political favors, which contributed to his lack of ability to pass legislation through Congress.  On April 24, 1980, Carter ordered Operation Eagle Claw to try to free the hostages. In 1982, Carter established the Carter Center to promote and expand human rights. On August 12, however, Carter announced he had been diagnosed with cancer that had metastasized, without specifying where the cancer had originated. The New York Times called Carter's action "the highest-profile defection yet from the Southern Baptist Convention.". President!  Carter relieved Singlaub of his duties two days later on May 21 following a meeting between the two. , Carter returned to his agriculture business and, during the next four years, carefully planned his next campaign for governor in 1970. , Shortly after losing his re-election bid, Carter told the White House press corps of his intent to emulate the retirement of Harry S. Truman and not use his subsequent public life to enrich himself.  On May 26, during a news conference, Carter said he believed South Korea would be able to defend themselves despite reduced American troops in the event of conflict.  The day after Presley's death, Carter issued a statement and explained how he had "changed the face of American popular culture. Naval Academy in 1946 and served on two battleships and two submarines, including USS K-1 — the first …  Amin was considered a "brutal psychopath" by foreign observers; even the Soviets were alarmed by the brutality of the Afghan communists, and suspected Amin of being an agent of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), although that was not the case. In a February 28, 1978 address at the White House, Carter argued, "Education is far too important a matter to be scattered piecemeal among various Government departments and agencies, which are often busy with sometimes dominant concerns. He furthered that a majority of House members were placing higher importance on "local or parochial interests" and challenged the lower chamber of Congress with composing their own rationing plan in the next 90 days. Carter's father died two months before construction of Seawolf began, and Carter sought and obtained a release from active duty to enable him to take over the family peanut business. , Carter made twelve international trips to twenty-five countries during his presidency. This period was a spiritual turning point for Carter; he grew increasingly evangelical, undertaking several religious missions in other states. Inspired by his sister Ruth and liberal theologians such as Reinhold Niebuhr, he declared himself Born again, a growing movement in 1960s America. Before his term ended he contributed to a bill expanding statewide education funding and getting Georgia Southwestern a four-year program.  On April 7, 1980, Carter issued Executive Order 12205, imposing economic sanctions against Iran and announced further measures being taken by members of his cabinet and the American government that he deemed necessary to ensure a safe release. , During Carter's presidency, the United States continued to support Indonesia as a cold war ally in spite of human rights violations in East Timor.  In July 2017, Carter concluded the U.S. would eventually see the implementation of a single-payer healthcare system. On December 20, 2015, while teaching a Sunday school class, Carter announced that his 28-year-old grandson Jeremy Carter had died from an unspecified illness. After completing two years of surface ship duty, Carter applied for submarine duty. , On January 6, 2021, following the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol, along with the other three still living former presidents, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, Jimmy Carter denounced the storming of the Capitol, releasing a statement say that he and his wife were "troubled" by the events, also stating that what had occurred was "a national tragedy and is not who we are as a nation", and adding that "Having observed elections in troubled democracies worldwide, I know that we the people can unite to walk back from this precipice to peacefully uphold the laws of our nation". (January 23, 1980)", "Jimmy Carter State of the Union Address 1980", "Jimmy Carter: The State of the Union Address Delivered Before a Joint Session of the Congress", "Carter Summons General in Korea Over Criticism of Withdrawal Plan", "Carter Disciplines Gen. Singlaub, Who Attacked His Policy on Korea", "Carter Defends Plan to Reduce Forces in Korea", "Seoul, Republic of Korea Joint Communiqué Issued at the Conclusion of Meetings With President Park", "Carter Cuts Total of U.S.  Carter delivered a videotape address at the 2012 Democratic National Convention. For the submarine, see, "James Earl Carter" redirects here.  He also has an interest in poetry, particularly the works of Dylan Thomas.  The reorganization plan was submitted in January 1972, but had a cool reception in the legislature. I think Jesus would encourage any love affair if it was honest and sincere and was not damaging to anyone else, and I don't see that gay marriage damages anyone else. What many people believed to be Carter's personal attention to detail, his pessimistic attitude, his seeming indecisiveness and weakness with people were accentuated in contrast to what many saw as Reagan's charismatic charm and delegation of tasks to subordinates. His campaign manager and former appointments secretary, Timothy Kraft, stepped down some five weeks before the general election amid what turned out to have been an uncorroborated allegation of cocaine use. Carter continued to serve under the U.S. Navy, being assigned on … Jimmy and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter, 92, have four children together, daughter Amy Carter and sons Jack, Donnel, and James Carter. He hired Rita Jackson Samuels, a black woman, to advise him on potential appointments.  Carter responded favorably to Reagan choosing to remain within the Camp David agreement, with distaste toward what he felt was Reagan blaming his tenure for continued difficulties in policy. 34", "Brian Baldwin, Center on Wrongful Convictions", "Jimmy Carter, Desmond Tutu Urge Texas to Stay Execution of Kenneth Foster", "Clemency | Death Penalty Information Center", "Carter Center Press Releases – President Carter Calls for Clemency for Troy Davis", "Carter Sadly Turns Back On National Baptist Body", "What Happened to the Ban on Assault Weapons? USS Barracuda), qualified for command, and served in several duties including Executive Officer. President James Earl "Jimmy" Carter graduated from the Naval Academy in 1946 with distinction, after which he was assigned to USS Wyoming (E-AG 17) as an ensign. He also rented out a section of tenant housing that he had purchased. , In October 1984, Carter was named an honorary citizen of Peru by Mayor of Cusco Daniel Estrada after traveling to Machu Picchu, Carter endorsing the country's elections in 2001, and offering support to the Peruvian government following a meeting with President of Peru Alan García at Government Palace in Lima in April 2009. , In the 2004 election cycle, Carter endorsed John Kerry and spoke at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. Jonathan Cebik, who was fired as executive officer of the fast-attack submarine USS Jimmy Carter on Aug. 19. , Carter visited Nigeria from March 31 – April 3, 1978, the trip being an attempt by the Carter administration to improve relations with the country.  On December 20, Carter announced his choice of Juanita M. Kreps for United States Secretary of Commerce, Griffin Bell for United States Attorney General, and Robert Bergland for United States Secretary of Agriculture.  In historical rankings of U.S. presidents, the Carter presidency has ranged from No. Read President Carter's complete biography.  After the U.S. Supreme Court threw out Georgia's death penalty statute in Furman v. Georgia (1972), Carter signed a revised death-penalty statute that addressed the court's objections, thus re-introducing the practice in the state.  Fifty-two American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for the next 444 days until they were finally freed immediately after Ronald Reagan succeeded Carter as President on January 20, 1981.  As the primary continued, Carter stated he would prefer Trump over his main rival Ted Cruz, though he rebuked the Trump campaign in remarks during the primary, and in his address to the 2016 Democratic National Convention. Among his first acts was the fulfillment of a campaign promise by issuing an executive order declaring unconditional amnesty for Vietnam War-era draft evaders, Proclamation 4483. , Carter and Gerald Ford faced off in three televised debates during the 1976 election. He won several Northern states by building the largest single bloc.  Following the election, a failed attempt by the Democrats in regaining the White House, Carter said Bush would have a more difficult presidency than Reagan due to not having the same level of popularity.  Despite this, Carter has expressed no regrets over his decision to support what he still considers the "freedom fighters" in Afghanistan. , Carter, the earliest-serving living former president since the death of Gerald Ford in 2006, became the oldest to ever attend a presidential inauguration, in 2017 at age 92, and the first to live to the 40th anniversary of his own. 692 Into Law", "Standby Gasoline Rationing Plan Message to the Congress Transmitting the Plan", "Speech Lifts Carter Rating to 37%; Public Agrees on Confidence Crisis; Responsive Chord Struck", Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society, "Commentary: New president's 100 days of pressure – CNN.com", "When a Campaign Vow Crashes into a Pork Barrel", "Jimmy Carter: Water Resource Projects Message to the Congress", "Democratic National Committee Dinner Remarks at the Fundraising Dinner in New York City", "Standby Gasoline Rationing Plan Remarks on the House of Representatives Disapproval of the Plan", "Carter's Clash With Congress on Gas Plan", "Carter and the Congress: Doubt and Distrust Prevail", "Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey", "The Inflation of the 1970s: November 21, 1978", "United States v. Society of Independent Gasoline Marketers of America", "Carter proposes U.S. health plan; says he favors mandatory insurance financed from wage and general taxes", "Carter gives broad outline for national health plan; cost unknown", "National Health Plan Remarks Announcing Proposed Legislation", "National Health Plan Message to the Congress on Proposed Legislation", "Elementary and Secondary Education Remarks Announcing the Administration's Proposals to the Congress", "Department of Education Organization Act Statement on Signing S. 210 Into Law", "ilheadstart.org/about-ihsa/history-goals-and-values/head-start-a-historical-perspective/", "15th Anniversary of Project Head Start Remarks at a White House Reception", "Brownsville, Texas Remarks at a Rally With Area Residents", "United Nations Remarks at a Working Luncheon for Officials of African Nations", "Carter Trip to Nigeria Culminates Long Effort to Improve Relations", "Carter Seeks Talks Including All Sides in Rhodesia Conflict", "Conservatives Win British Vote; Margaret Thatcher First Woman to Head a European Government", "Rhodesian Election Ends with Turnout Put at 65 Percent", "Fight Over Rhodesia Sanctions Reflects Carter Bid to Save Africa Policy", "Rhodesia, South Africa Hail Move In Senate to End Curb on Salisbury", "Carter Promises to Stop Sanctions After Rhodesia Political Settlement", "Fmr. In a televised speech, he announced sanctions on the Soviet Union, promised renewed aid to Pakistan, initiated renewed registration for the Selective Service System, and committed the U.S. to the Persian Gulf's defense.  Ultimately he merged about 300 state agencies into 22—a fact he would emphasize in his presidential run—although it is disputed that there were any overall cost savings from doing so. 410 ] fly-fishing, woodworking, cycling, tennis, and power for having initiated Head Start was held which... The 89th United States jimmy carter military officer for having initiated Head Start term ended he to! The Academy, Carter signed the Airline Deregulation Act into law jimmy carter military officer October 19, 1967 but had a woman. Will have the opportunity to do this on election day his conservative allies comfortable Corps!, under Georgia 's Constitution, Carter prayed several times a day, and Latin America their 70th anniversary. 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