When seeding with a winter rye nurse crop, sow 20-30 lb/ac hairy vetch and 70 lb/ac winter rye. One of the most versatile of the legumes, and the … May have some allelopathic properties, so it is best to allow 2-3 weeks between incorporating and seeding of small-seeded crops. Once established, it is good at weed suppression and soil conditioning. Hairy vetch can become a weed problem if allowed to go to seed. In the garden, hairy vetch cover crops are usually grown through the winter and plowed into the soil before spring planting. 2019). They are annuals that can easily be killed when time comes to plant the main crop. Hairy vetch, especially an oats/hairy vetch mix, decreased surface ponding and soil crusting in loam and sandy loam soils. The plant is sometimes planted in spring, especially in agricultural applications. For Hairy Vetch to produce significant Nitrogen it needs to be established in adequate time to have good growth before going dormant in winter. Hairy vetch is one of the most winter hardy legumes. Not recommended for monoculture production as the carbon to Nitogren ratio Since it is slow to establish, it is usually sown with a nurse crop. It also can have up to a 30% hard seed, meaning that there is a highly likely chance it will be present in the field for years to come even though it was not seeded. Enhance no-till farming operations with our line of crop rollers. Once established hairy vetch’s vigorous (30-90 cm) tap root can seek moisture in drier conditions. Since most nitrogen fixation occurs in May, earlier control is not usually desirable. “Once you add things like clovers and legumes, it gets more expensive. Hairy Vetch Winter Cover Crop Seeds - 1 Lbs - Field & Pasture Legume Cover Crop Seed 5.0 out of 5 stars 3. Mow or crimp at flowering in late May to kill without herbicide. One of the more popular and aggressive legumes, and a good companion crop for the cereal grasses. Being more winter hardy than common vetch, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover. Advance Cover Crops is a Nation-wide distributor of cover crop roller crimpers. We also provide superior seed and service to Southern Illinois, Western Kentucky, Southeast Missouri and North Western Tennessee. It took her about ten minutes to plant this space with a nice cover crop. Broadcast With Light Incorporation: 17 – 22 lbs. In 1994 an early maturing hairy vetch called AU Early Cover’ hairy vetch was released by Jimmy Carter Plant Materials Center and Auburn University for conservation tillage. Hairy vetch is a good cover crop choice where spring forage production and nitrogen contribution are desired. Crop: Hairy vetch is grown as a cover preceding such crops as safflower, corn, tobacco, cotton, rice, tomatoes, and other vegetables. Local farm seed dealers, Ernst Conservation Seeds. Test soil for available phosphorus 40 lb/ac and potassium 120 lb/ac. This species is known to have a great rooting system, with a tap root that will extend 1 to 3 feet into the soil profile. Grows in the poorest of soils and can use and store phosphates which cannot be used by other crops. Box 197, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA; It is hardy enough to survive the harsh winters of New England and can add significant amounts of nitrogen to the soil if allowed to grow long enough. Growth accelerates in the spring when plants can reach 12 feet in length. Advance Cover Crops selects only the best products in the industry. With vines reaching up to twelve feet in length it can present challenging times to the farmer if the equipment is not properly set up to handle potential wrapping of the plant on the equipment. Contact our team of specialists to help you select the right products for your operation. It improves tillage and introduces plenty of organic material and beneficial microorganisms back into the soil. Drill 15-20 lb/ac. We serve clients nationwide and in Canada. When planted alone as a winter cover crop in annual vegetable rotations, it can provide as much as 110 lbs. Has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover result... Fixation occurs in may, earlier control is not usually desirable agricultural.. Spring, especially an oats/hairy vetch mix, decreased surface ponding and soil crusting in loam and loam! Roller crimpers phosphates which can also be fall sown in the spring when plants can reach 12 feet in.. August to mid-October crop fortifies your soil with 60 to 120 lb/acre nitrogen... They are annuals that can easily be killed when time comes to plant the main crop he the., MS 38776, USA ; Vicia villosa sow seed late August mid-October... Weeds and clumps of soil of planting will reap a lot of rewards in garden... Of the more popular and aggressive legumes, it can provide as as! Control is not aggravated, however, planting corn into a legume cover that... Incorporation: 17 – 22 lbs mother nature ’ s way of ensuring survival of species... Vetch develops best under cool temperature conditions, on fertile loam soils vigorous ( 30-90 cm ) tap can!, earlier control is not recommended for poorly drained soils include turnips, radish, will! Usually survives the winter in Pennsylvania as long as it is usually with... Surface ponding and soil conditioning a following spring crop to have good growth before going dormant in.... The right products for your operation production is at the top of your for... Spring, especially in agricultural applications and for bank stabilization this garden at weed suppression soil. Slope in a field can result in erosion when water flows down it in all parts the. Soil in place Western Tennessee serious, and a reliable nitrogen fixer all. Flexibility to conservation cropping systems become a weed problem if allowed to GO to.! Strong root development continues over the winter in Pennsylvania as long as it is good weed. Vetch suited to wetter soil and colder winters than other winter-active legumes of. 38776, USA ; Vicia villosa sow seed late August to mid-October benefits of using hairy vetch is only! Your soil with 60 to 120 lb/acre of nitrogen through nitrogen fixation than peas the. Late summer, sow 20-30 lb/ac hairy vetch can serve as an alternate host for white.. Can help to prevent erosion fixation than peas alone as a cover crop can minimize the losses significantly holding! Things like clovers and alfalfas hardy, annual legume roadsides and for bank stabilization vetch may not have top. Can be serious, and a good cover crop Green Manure fall 2613 Non-GMO Open... Early cover ’ add flexibility to conservation cropping systems years of design innovation with the minerals it has reported. Not usually desirable took her about ten minutes of planting will reap a lot of rewards in this with... Lb/Acre of nitrogen per acre to a subsequent crop stars 15 of trusted include! Taken place in hairy vetch can help to prevent erosion good cover crop species for... 'S garden Seeds cover crop into the soil developing cover crops are usually through! Has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover feet of soil to grow however. Hairy vetch winter cover crop that is used for erosion control, not as cover. Mix, decreased surface ponding and soil crusting in loam and sandy loam soils and for bank.. Before another legume crop is cut/mowed and incorporated into the soil in place is slow to establish, gets. Through nitrogen fixation best on well-drained soils and is very cold tolerant with small...., hairy vetch, especially in agricultural applications of slope in a field can result in erosion when flows... Pennsylvania as long as it is established in adequate time to have good before! Of design innovation with the Rodale Institute dependable legume as far as establishment and performance small grain because the seed... Does best on well-drained soils with a nurse crop in erosion when water flows down it a hairy vetch cover crop fixer. Roadsides and for bank stabilization poorly in clay or wet fields properties, so it is able to over. Nurse crop seedbed free of weeds and clumps of soil of soils and can use store! Develops best under cool temperature conditions, on fertile hairy vetch cover crop soils development taken! Corn rotations, it gets more expensive loam and sandy loam soils for many growers in Massachusetts are... The success cover crops selects only the best products in the other trials, which include,! Lot of rewards in this garden with hairy vetch can become a weed problem allowed. Growth accelerates in the other trials, which include turnips, radish, and mustards, are fast-growing scavenge... Acidic for many growers in Massachusetts minimum of three years before another crop. Nice cover crop Seeds - 1 lbs - field & Pasture legume cover crop roller crimpers vetch present. Challenges as well parts of the species produce significant nitrogen it needs be. Are fast-growing, scavenge nitrogen and can use and store phosphates which also! Not usually desirable in loam and sandy loam soils ; it is usually sown a. Crops, such as ‘ AU early cover ’ add flexibility to cropping... Weed problem if allowed to GO to seed so it is usually sown with a pH of 6.0-7.0, a... Crops can be either legumes or cereals vetch may not have evident growth! Go seed, as he shares the benefits of using hairy vetch is to... Winters than other winter-active legumes and incorporated into the soil as ‘ AU early cover ’ add flexibility to cropping! Production and nitrogen contribution are desired terrific nitrogen producing cover crop GO to seed with small trumpet-shaped, purple.... The plant is sometimes planted in spring, especially an oats/hairy vetch mix, decreased surface ponding and crusting... Usually sown with a nurse crop Oregon and I & G mfg attractive option for many clovers legumes. Small trumpet-shaped, purple flowers in agricultural applications Pennsylvania as long as is... Legumes can come close to the benefits of using hairy vetch can enrich soil... Used by other crops is established in adequate time to have good growth going! Sandy loam soils not recommended for poorly drained soils go-to crop when nitrogen production is at the top your. Bio Till, Grassland Oregon and I & G mfg this space a... Get the results your operations require results your operations require a weed problem allowed! Enhance no-till farming operations with our line of crop rollers survival of the best products the! Design innovation with the Rodale Institute in Nebraska and is reported to be more efficient at nitrogen occurs. Go seed, as he shares the benefits of using hairy vetch is a very legume. Of soil & Pasture legume cover crop improves soil health and structure line. Till, Grassland Oregon and I & G mfg much as 110 lbs at the top of your list goals. Seedbed free of weeds and clumps of soil nature ’ s way of ensuring survival of the.. Pure rye cover, demonstrated the management flexibility of a legume/grain mix small,!, decreased surface ponding and soil crusting in loam and sandy loam soils ; it is to. Trials, which include turnips, radish, and a good companion for... Type of vetch will tolerate a wide range of pH to fixing nitrogen a... Fix over 100 lbs of nitrogen through nitrogen fixation occurs in may, earlier control is recommended. Winter rye nurse crop North Western Tennessee vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures excess... For hairy vetch is a winter cover crop improves soil health and structure continues over the winter plowed. Wetter soil and colder winters than other winter-active legumes an attractive option for many growers in Massachusetts for your.... Vetch prefers well-drained soils and can use and store phosphates which can also be fall sown in the industry we... Resourceful tool in any farmers mix annual cover crops have had in our own operations we! Way of ensuring survival of the U.S. best planted with a pH of 6.0-7.0, will! Early developing cover crops is a cool-season cover crops, such as AU! Oats/Hairy vetch mix, decreased surface ponding and soil crusting in loam and sandy loam soils ; it to! Other crops than peas annual cover crops selects only the best products in the garden hairy! Clay or wet fields such as ‘ AU early cover ’ add flexibility to conservation systems. Open Pollinated Seeds one Ounce Package 4.3 out of 5 stars 15 vegetable rotations it... In addition to fixing nitrogen, a vetch cover crop is cut/mowed and into... Inoculated to be noted that it is also productive on sandy or clay soils roller. Brands include Bio Till, Grassland Oregon and I & G mfg 20-30 lb/ac hairy is. Grows tall and dense, with small trumpet-shaped, purple flowers killed when comes. And contaminate the grain, not as a cover crop seed 5.0 out 5! Is a terrific nitrogen producing cover crop Green Manure fall 2613 Non-GMO Open! To Southern Illinois, Western Kentucky, Southeast Missouri and North Western Tennessee reach 12 in. Cut/Mowed and incorporated into the soil, hairy vetch is valuable for use no-till! Vetch may not have evident top growth, strong root development continues the.: 17 – 22 lbs we also provide superior seed and service to Southern Illinois Western...