Robespierre tried to commit suicide before his execution by shooting himself, although the bullet only shattered his jaw. the Third Estate. c. crush all opposition to the revolution. “(Doc E). New members were appointed the day after Robespierre’s execution and term limits were imposed. b. restore the Catholic Church. During his time at the Lycee, Robespierre was also exposed to enlightenment philosophy, especially the works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. d. reinstate the monarchy. Kill all opposition to the revolution. France's economy was mainly supported by the work and taxes of. He had been involved in the execution of many moderate Jacobins, and on July 27, 1794, in the Thermidorian Reaction, named after the French revolutionary month in which it happened, Robespierre and his leading aide, Louis- Antoine de Saint-Just, were both arrested and executed. On July 28th, 1794, soldiers stormed into where Robespierre was staying. As the Jacobins gained control of the Committee of Public Safety, which in turn controlled the legislature (the Convention), the disputes among their factions sharpened. the severe winters and large size of … Favorite Answer. His father was a lawyer or as the French say avocate.Maximilien followed suit in 1781 after attending some impressive schools including a stint at the Lycee de Louis le … The National Convention decided that the committee ruling France at the time needed to take a dictatorial approach to maintain calm and push the revolution's progress. Bastille Day. Those suspected of being spies or opposers of war during the French revolution were quickly tried and unjustly executed. It began with the fall of the moderate Girondins and the radical Jacobins’ accession to power. By Unknown – Augustin Challamel, Histoire-musée de la république Française, depuis l’assemblée des notables, Paris, Delloye, 1842., Public Domain, Link. Prior to the Reign of Terror's beginnings, members of the French public were frustrated with the way the revolution was not producing the social equality they expected. 1 decade ago. He was guillotined on July 28. Terror, which began in September 1792 and ended in July 1794 with the arrest and killing of Robespierre, was presented as a law enforcement system to protect and defend democracy from its internal enemies. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was born 6 May 1758 in Arras. THE END OF THE TERROR. Based on his actions and threats the National Convention voted to arrest Robespierre. Rousseau was a powerful advocate for a more democratic form of … During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to a. execute all French nobles. Which factors helped cause the defeat of Napoleon during his invasion of Russia? During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to. 3 Answers. 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