“the Baha’i Faith,”or “the Baha’i community.”. [30][31] According to the Baháʼí teachings the human purpose is to learn to know and love God through such methods as prayer, reflection, and being of service to others. All Baháʼí community properties, including Baháʼí centers, libraries, and cemeteries, have been confiscated by the government and fatwas have been issued charging Baháʼís with apostasy. Obedience to government is not applicable when submission to law amounts to a denial of Faith. [117] The first ever Mas͟hriqu'l-Ad͟hkár in ʻIshqábád, Turkmenistan, has been the most complete House of Worship. It emphasizes on the betterment of society through the pursuit of processes of individual and social transformation. [65][70] ʻAbdu'l-Bahá had shared his father's long exile and imprisonment, which continued until ʻAbdu'l-Bahá's own release as a result of the Young Turk Revolution in 1908. Bahá'u'lláh had written that `Abdu'l-Bahá had special powers, and that God would make sure that if `Abdu'l-Bahá explained anything that Bahá'u'lláh said, then the Bahá'ís should believe that explanation. [111] The Baháʼí teachings on marriage call it a fortress for well-being and salvation and place marriage and the family as the foundation of the structure of human society. [162] However, the government has never produced convincing evidence supporting its characterization of the Baháʼí community. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. The Baháʼí Faith (/bəˈhɑːiː, bəˈhaɪ/; Persian: بهائی‎ Bahāʼi) is a new religion[a] teaching the essential worth of all religions and the unity of all people. [65] The main written works translated into English of the Báb's are collected in Selections from the Writings of the Báb out of the estimated 135 works.[66]. [36] Most religious specialists now see it as an independent religion, with its religious background in Shiʻa Islam being seen as analogous to the Jewish context in which Christianity was established. The Bahá'í Faith is an Abrahamic religion started in the 1800s by an Iranian person called Bahá'u'lláh who was born in Tehran, Iran.Followers of this religion call themselves Bahá'ís.The name Bahá'u'lláh is Arabic for "The Glory of God". According to the Bahá'í calendar: 1 Year = 19 months, months = 19 days, with four or five intercalary days, to make a... 2. A member is called a Bahá’í (plural: Bahá’ís). There are three core principles: Unity of God; Unity of religion; and Unity of humanity. [c], The older term "Bahaʼism" (or "Bahaism") is still used,[15][16][17][18][19] for example as a variant of "Bahai Faith" by the US Library of Congress,[20] but it is now less common[21] and the Baháʼí community prefers "Baháʼí Faith". According to the Bahá'í calendar: 1 Year = 19 months, months = 19 days, with four or five intercalary days, to make a full solar year. It was founded by the Bahaullah of Persia who was exiled by the Ottoman Empire for his teaching. his message was that he and his followers should try to unite the people of the world by bringing the religions together in peace and harmony. in Iran. Baháʼí sources since 1991 usually estimate the worldwide Baháʼí population to be above 5 million. The Baha'i faith is a religion that was founded in Iran in 1863. Shortly thereafter he was expelled from Iran and traveled to Baghdad, in the Ottoman Empire. [77] He announced in letters during the Ten Year Crusade that it would be followed by other plans under the direction of the Universal House of Justice, which was elected in 1963 at the culmination of the Crusade. In the current plan, the House of Justice encourages the Baháʼís around the world to focus on capacity building through children's classes, junior youth groups, devotional gatherings, and study circles. Baháʼís do not expect a new manifestation of God to appear within 1000 years of Baháʼu'lláh's revelation. Journal of Bahá'í Studies 6 (4): pp.1-21. It began in 1844 in Persia which is now Iran. [112] The vows are "We will all, verily, abide by the Will of God. ʻAbbás Effendi was Baháʼu'lláh's eldest son, known by the title of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá (Servant of Bahá). Bahá'u'lláh had written that `Abdu'l-Bahá had special powers, and that God would make sure that if `Abdu'l-Bahá explained anything that Bahá'u'lláh said, then the Bahá'ís should believe that explanation. In addition to the daily obligatory prayer, Baháʼís should offer daily devotional prayer and to meditate and study sacred scripture. 5. [60] Although they are distinct movements, the Báb is so interwoven into Baháʼí theology and history that Baháʼís celebrate his birth, death, and declaration as holy days, consider him one of their three central figures (along with Baháʼu'lláh and ʻAbdu'l-Bahá), and a historical account of the Bábí movement (The Dawn-Breakers) is considered one of three books that every Baháʼí should "master" and read "over and over again". [149][150] The United Nations Commission on Human Rights revealed an October 2005 confidential letter from Command Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Iran ordering its members to identify Baháʼís and to monitor their activities. [53], The canonical texts of the Baháʼí Faith are the writings of the Báb, Baháʼu'lláh, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, Shoghi Effendi and the Universal House of Justice, and the authenticated talks of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá. At the heart of Baháʼí teachings is the goal of a unified world order that ensures the prosperity of all nations, races, creeds, and classes.[12][13]. [63], On the evening of 22 May 1844, Siyyid ʻAlí-Muhammad of Shiraz gained his first convert and took on the title of "the Báb" (الباب "the Gate"), referring to his later claim to the status of Mahdi of Shiʻa Islam. The faith is moving around three core principle or doctrine on the basis of Baha’i teachings i.e. The World Christian Encyclopediaestimated 7.1 million Baháʼís in the world in 2000, representing 218 countries, and 7.3 million in 2010 with the same source. Although they acted alone, the government responded with collective punishment, killing many Bábís. Beyond this lay the difficulty which the regime faced in harnessing the nationalist movement that had supported Musaddiq. If there is a community center, often tours are available. 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